ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ARTISANAL GOLD MINING ON NEAR-BY COMMUNITY OF SAUKA-KAHUTA, NIGERIA

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Melodi, M. M. and Ojulari, M. K. and Oluwafemi, V. I. (2020) ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ARTISANAL GOLD MINING ON NEAR-BY COMMUNITY OF SAUKA-KAHUTA, NIGERIA. Topical scientific researches into resource-saving technologies of mineral mining and processing. pp. 340-353.

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ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ARTISANAL GOLD MINING ON NEAR-BY COMMUNITY OF SAUKA-KAHUTA, NIGERIA

English abstract

Mining operations produce unequal socio-economic consequences and reward on its near-by communities. This study focused on economic and environmental impacts of artisanal gold mining on near-by community of Sauka-kahuta, Nigeria. Its objectives include examining the socio-demographic characteristics of artisanal gold miners; describing mining characteristics; and identifying the environmental and economic impacts of artisanal gold mining on nearby communities. Thirty one structured questionnaires were retrieved from forty questionnaires administered. The study revealed that a proportion of 71.0% of the artisanal respondents were between 21 to 40 years; male were 80.6%. Islam as religion (93.5%), primary education as highest education qualification (48.4%), Hausa by tribe (96.8%) and non-residence in nearby community (83.9%) were the dominant characteristics of artisanal miners in the study area. Increase in wealth status, creation of employment (100.0%) and improvement in household income (100.0%) were the confirmed socio-economic benefit of gold mining on the nearby community. Environmental effect of mining was observed to be substantially and severely negative; these include deforestation (67.7%), flooding (100.0%), poor assess road condition (71.0%), poor soil manage-ment practice (84.9%) and land degradation (100.0%). In conclusion, artisanal and small scale gold mining provide positive economic impacts through the provision of immediate means of livelihood for the residents of the community but the unskilled system adopted by the artisanal miners brought about environmental problems in the area studied. It is therefore recommended that community awareness and education be prioritized by governmental mining agencies and other relevant bodies to reduce exposure of residents to environmental dangers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: artisans, gold, mining, community
Бібліографічний опис: Melodi M. M. Economic and environmental impacts of artisanal gold mining on near-by community of Sauka-Kahuta, Nigeria / M. M. Melodi, M. K. Ojulari, V. I. Oluwafemi // Topical scientific researches into resource-saving technologies of mineral mining and processing. Multi-authored monograph. – Sofia : Publishing House “St. Ivan Rilski”, 2020. - P. 340-353.
Subjects: За напрямами > 05 - Інженерія > 0503 - Розробка корисних копалин
Depositing User: С. В. Бойчук
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 19:14
Last Modified: 13 May 2020 19:14
URI: http://ep3.nuwm.edu.ua/id/eprint/18073

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